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NIH Warns of Deadly Brain-Eating Amoeba

NIH Warns of Deadly Brain-Eating Amoeba

The National Institute of Health (NIH) has released a warning regarding Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM), commonly known as Naegleriasis or brain-eating amoeba, a severe infectious illness that affects the central nervous system.

Since 2008, fatalities linked to PAM have been documented in select Karachi hospitals during the summer season. The advisory underscores that elevated temperatures coupled with inadequately chlorinated water in early summer heighten the risk of Naegleria fowleri infection.

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The alert aims to prompt public health authorities, water and sanitation agencies, and other pertinent stakeholders to implement necessary measures to prevent and manage PAM, particularly in regions with recurring cases.

Naegleria fowleri cannot endure in clean, cold, and chlorinated water, with chlorine serving as the most effective means to disinfect swimming pools and water systems.

Individuals are advised against jumping or diving into warm freshwater or thermal pools and encouraged to keep their heads above water in spas, thermal pools, and warm freshwater bodies. Additionally, it is recommended to empty and cleanse small collapsible wading pools daily.

Properly chlorinating swimming pools and spas, along with diligent maintenance, is crucial. When utilizing unchlorinated water, individuals should refrain from allowing water to enter their nostrils during bathing, showering, or facial cleansing.